World Trade Organization and Agri-Exports from India

World Trade Organization and Agri-Exports from India (English) (Paperback) Price: Rs. 550

Feature of the Book The book contains Eight Chapters with tables and graphs. The Chapter I being introduction, the Chapter II reviews the previous studies that have analyzed India?s agricultural export performance. The chapter critically examined the results of some of the macro-economic studies that have looked into the effects of trade liberalization in general and of WTO agreements in particular. It also contains a review of studies relating to determinants of exports. The Chapter III discusses the various provisions made under the WTO and India?s commitment for the promotion of world trade. This chapter demonstrates how liberalized trade and a trade regime based on multilateral negotiations are important for smooth and profitable conduct of trade. The conflicting interests of developing and developed countries are also discussed. An assessment of the impact of the AoA on Indian agriculture and what kind of strategies suit India in the given circumstances are also elaborated. Chapter IV discusses on the various conferences that were held under WTO regime to promote agriculture and AoA. All the Ministerial conferences that have been taken place under WTO regime have been discussed in detail. Over the last six decades of Indian planning, the perception about the importance of external sector in economic development had gone through a number of changes. All the changes that have taken place under the various Five-Year Plan periods to promote agricultural commodities as one of the prime export-items and institutional frame work have been discussed in the Chapter V. Chapter VI discusses trends and determinants of India?s agriexports at aggregate and disaggregate levels. The impact of WTO on India?s agri-exports is also presented in this chapter. Realizing the importance of agriculture exports to India?s agricultural economy, Government of India has taken various promotional measures to boost agriculture exports. Chapter VII mainly focuses on the emerging issues under WTO. The last Chapter attempts to present conclusions on the impact of WTO on Agricultural exports from India and their policy implications.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 The Role of Agriculture in Development 1.1.1 Product Contribution 1.1.2 Factor Contribution 1.1.3 Market Contribution 1.1.4 Foreign-Exchange Contribution 1.2 Role of Agriculture Sector in Indian Economy 1.2.1 Contribution to National Income 1.2.2 Largest Employment Providing Sector 1.2.3 Provision of Food Surplus to the Expanding Population 1.2.4 Contribution to Capital Formation 1.2.5 Providing Raw Material to Industries 1.2.6 Market for Industrial Products 1.2.7 Source of Funds for the Industrial Sector 1.3 World Trade Organization 1.3.1 WTO : Origin, Role and Agenda 1.3.2 Basic Objective of WTO : Rules for Trade between Nations 1.3.3 The Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) under WTO 1.4 Present Scenario of Agri-Exports from India 1.5 Objectives 1.6 Hypotheses 1.7 Sources of Data 1.8 Period 1.9 Plan Chapter?2 Review of Literature 2.1 Review of Existing Studies on WTO and Agri-Exports 2.2 Review of Empirical Studies on Determinants of Exports 2.3 Methodology of the Present Study 2.3.1 Trend Analysis 2.3.2 Multiple Regression Analysis Chapter?3 WTO Agreements and India?s Commitments 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Evolution of WTO 3.2.1 GATT Trade Rounds 3.2.2 Tokyo Round 3.2.3 Uruguay Round 3.2.4 Transformation of GATT into WTO 3.3 Impact of GATT and WTO on World Trade 3.4 WTO Agreements and Provisions 3.4.1 The Agreement on Agriculture : New Rules and Commitments 3.5 India?s Commitments for WTO and Impact of AoA 3.5.1 Market Access Commitments 3.5.2 Domestic Support Commitments 3.5.3 India?s Exports? Subsidies 3.6 Analysis of the Implementation of Agreement on Agriculture 3.6.1 Domestic Support Commitments 3.6.2 Overall Trade Distorting Domestic Support (OTDS) 3.6.3 Export Subsidy Commitments 3.7 Agreement on Safety (SPS) and Standards (TBT) 3.8 Agreement on Intellectual Property : Protection and Enforcement 3.8.1 IPR Issue Relating to Agri-Exports : Basmati (Rice Tec Patent) case study 3.9 Agreement on Anti-dumping, Subsidies, Safeguards : Contingencies, etc. 3.10 Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures 3.11 Agreement on Safeguards : Emergency Protection from Imports 3.12 Agreement on Non-tariff barriers : Red tape, etc. 3.13 Agreement on TRIMs 3.14 Disputes Settlement Body 3.15 Trade Policy Reviews : Ensuring Transparency 3.16 Differing Interests between Developed and Developing Countries 3.17 Conclusion Chapter?4 WTO Conferences and Agriculture Negotiations 4.1 Introduction 4.2 The First WTO Ministerial Conference in Singapore in 1996 4.3 The Second WTO Ministerial Conference in Geneva in 1998 4.4 The Third WTO Ministerial Conference in Seattle in 1999 4.4.1 Agriculture Negotiations that started in Seattle 4.4.2 Article 20 of the Agriculture Agreement 4.4.3 Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures raised in Seattle 4.5 Fourth Ministerial Conference in Doha in 2001 4.5.1 Negotiations on Agriculture 4.5.2 Stand Taken by India on Doha Issues in Agriculture Negotiations 4.5.3 Two Basic Elements on AoA?s Market Access negotiations 4.5.4 Significance of Doha Development Agenda 4.6 The Fifth WTO Ministerial Conference in Cancun in 2003 4.6.1 Cancun Ministerial Conference collapsed 4.6.2 Cancun and Beyond 4.7 The Sixth WTO Ministerial Conference in Hong Kong in 2005 4.8 Agricultural Negotiations under SPS Regime 4.9 SPS vs. TBT 4.10 The SPS Agreement and the Development Challenge 4.11 SPS Levels and Measures that are Stricter than the International Standards 4.12 International Plant Protection Convention 4.13 The Jurisprudence, as evolved by the DSB on SPS Agreement 4.14 Conclusion Chapter?5 Agriculture Trade Policy and Institutional Frame work of India 5.1 Introduction 5.2 First and Second Five Year Plans (1951-1961) 5.3 Third and Fourth Five-Year Plans (1961-66, 1969-74) 5.4 Trade Liberalisation of the 1990s 5.5 Other Developments 5.6 National Agricultural Policy (NAP) 5.7 Institutional Setup for the Promotion of Agricultural Exports 5.7.1 Director General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) 5.7.2 Indian Missions and Commercial Offices Abroad 5.7.3 Inter Ministerial Co-ordination Committee 5.7.4 Export Promotion Offices 5.7.5 Export Promotion Councils 5.7.6 Commodity Boards and Authorities 5.7.7 Federation of Indian Export Organization (FIEO) 5.7.8 Export Processing Zones 5.7.9 Export Oriented Units (EOU) 5.7.10 Indian Institute of Packing (IIP) 5.7.11 Indian Institute of Foreign trade (IIFT) 5.7.12 Indian Council of Arbitration (ICA) 5.7.13 Export Credit and Guarantee Corporation (ECGC) 5.7.14 Export Import Bank of India 5.7.15 Export Inspection Council (EIC) 5.7.16 Assistance to States for Infrastructure Development of Exports (ASIDE), by Ministry of Commerce 5.7.17 Market Access Initiative (MAI) 5.7.18 Marketing Development Assistance (MDA) 5.8 Conclusion Chapter?6 Trends and Determinants of Agri-Exports from India 6.1 Introduction 6.2 India?s Aggregate Export Performance 6.3 Performance of Agricultural Exports from India 6.4 Share of Agricultural Exports in India?s Total Exports 6.5 Composition of India?s Agricultural Exports 6.6 Commodity-wise Performance 6.7 India?s Share in World Exports of Selected Agricultural Products 6.8 Direction of Agri-Exports from India 6.9 Direction of India?s Total Agricultural Exports 6.10 Growth of India?s Agri-Exports 6.11 Causes of Low Growth of Exports of Agri-Products 6.12 Regression Results 6.13 Global Scenario of Fruits & Vegetable Exports, with special reference to India 6.13.1 Barriers to Fruit & Vegetables Exports from India 6.14 Growth trend in the Agricultural Exports 6.15 The Suggestions to boost Agri-exports 6.16 To increase Agricultural Exports, the steps to be taken Chapter?7 Emerging Issues under WTO 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Myths of Level Playing Field : A Debate 7.3 TBT and SPS Concerns 7.4 The Indian Experience of SPS 7.5 External Trade and Welfare of Farmers 7.6 Food Security and International Trade 7.7 Trade and Access to Food 7.8 Policy Options available in WTO and AoA for Food Security 7.9 Terms of Trade 7.10 The Effect of Trade Liberalisation on Indian Livestock Sector 7.11 Policy options for India 238Table of Contents Chapter?8 Conclusions and Policy Implications of the Study 8.1 Implications of the Agreement on Agriculture 8.1.1 Short Term Implications 8.1.2 Long Term Implications 8.2 Impact of WTO on India?s Agri-Exports 8.3 India?s Priorities in the Agriculture Negotiations under WTO 8.4 Suggestions Bibliography Appendix-I Agri Export Zones in India Appendix - II Statement of Actual Investment and Exports from Sanctioned 60 Agri-Export Zones

Specifications of World Trade Organization and Agri-Exports from India (English) (Paperback)

PublisherVL Media Solutions
Number of Pages308 Pages
Publication Year2015